Buddhist figure pattern on porcelain


The Buddhist figure vivid on the porcelain is vividly reflected in the spirit of people, the ideological consciousness and life concept, with precious research value. This article briefly introduces the typical representatives: Buddha, Zen and Luo Han.


The Buddha includes Sakyamuni Buddha statue, no birth Buddha statue, generally being very kind, solemn, solemn, and beautiful, peaceful.

As far as the porcelain is concerned, the Buddha’s image is the earliest of the Yue kiln ceramics during the three countries, mainly using the molded stickers, which is to turn the Buddha image with the mold, and then in accordance with the subject, it is necessary to be attached to the porcelain. Buddha statues are often applied to the barn tank, a plate pot, a three-feet wash. Barn cans are generally attached to the tanks on the abdomen and shoulders; the pullover pot is generally attached to the shoulder, the Buddha statue is sitting on the lotus seat of the double beast, and there is a round of mystery; three feet Washing is generally attached to the abdomen of the umbrella, the Buddha statue is sitting, and the spirit is solemn.


Three countries, East Wu, Qingze glaze, in 1983, Changgang Village, Yuhuatai, Nanjing, is now in Nanjing Museum

During the West Jin Dynasty, due to Buddhism spread, the Buddha statue decoration on the porcelain was more popular. The Buddha statue is widely used in the pot, tank, washing,, barn tank, etc. Buddha statues usually have backlights, wear shoulder, grain, and shackles, there is a lotus table. Typical utensils in the barn tank, the body is plasticized to the Buddha statue. The production of this period is also molded first and then plastic. In addition, the Buddha statue also is also applied to the shoulder of the sake, the abdomen of the wine and the foot of the fragrance in the incense.

With the localization of Buddhism, the Buddha statue in this period also has a clear and cultural connotation of the Taoist theme. There is also a Buddha statue decoration on Hunan Xiangyin kiln ceramics, see the broccoli color sticks, abdominal strip, and put on the color of the colorful Buddha.

During the Northern Song Dynasty, the Buddha statue once again raised, and the kiln white porcelain was represented, and saw the decoration of the Buddha statue outside the furnace. Typical utensils in the double ear furnace, the mouth is a 16th Buddha statue along the outer stack. From the ink book inside and outside the circle, it is known that it is customized by the Temple Temple, which is specially customized, and then enters the tower base. Deeply religious cultural connotation.

Northern Song Decoction kiln white glaze images like a double head oven, July 26, 1969, Jingxiai Temple, Jingzhi Temple, is unearthed in Dingzhou City, Hebei Province, is currently in Dingzhou City, Hebei Province.


▌ 禅 僧

The image of Zen in the porcelain originated from Buddhist painting and literature, with a distinct religious background.


The Yuan Dynamagagadian kiln white land black flower rectangular pillow has a zen character pattern, which is a representative of the “降 降 二” character pillow in the Musaga Museum, which is still the representative – North Qi Gao Shu’s hinges separate two fights The picture, the shock, and vividly express the gods, showing the skills of the monk, and also reflects the high painting level of the magnetic kiln kiln.

Yuan Dai mag magnetic kiln white land black flower thickened two tiger story tiger tiger pillow, Magnetic county is unearthed, now Tibetan Kiln Museum

The image of Dado is seen on the Ming Dynasty. Typical representatives with Dharma character, the picture shows the story of “a reed River”. The disc is painted with double dragon pattern with double phoenix, the bottom of the plate is blue and glazed on the glaze and the glazed red, green, and yellow. Dacherdi drifted on a reed on the water, surrounded by the mountains and colorful clouds, atmosphere, exquisite painting, and the image of the characters vivid.

Ming Wanli Detro Town kiln blue and white celebrities, now Turkey Topbeby Palace

During the late Chongzhen period, Jingdezhen kiln blue-graphic porcelain appeared to have a bag of bags, with Qinghua bag and Shangzun, who is still in the Shanghai Museum, is a typical representative, and the outer wall painted a lot of cloth, surrounded by a group of naughty small Moisturizing, they have a bag and still rosary, some crawling in the bag and scratch the ear, some put the bag monk’s clothes to try to pull him, very fun.

The Buddhist people on the Qing Dynasty porcelain is also more common in the image of Zen. In addition to expressing Buddhist connotation, it is also integrated into the color of folk secular ingredients, full of good luck. In the Qianlong period, Jingdezhen kiln blue and white porcelain saw the image of the monk, with a typical utensils. The cover is painted in the old monk, I saw him holding the book, and I was gathering to read the Buddhist scriptures, the image is vivid, the face is kind, giving people a sense of kindness.

Qing Qianlong Jingdezhen kiln blue flower scriptures, currently in Beijing Art Museum


Luo Han is an abbreviated disciple of Arhamunism. The disciple of Sakyamuni Buddha, the status is second only to Bodhisattva. In the Tang Dynasty, Xuanzang Master “Da Luo Hami Mi Mo Luo said the lawscript: Buddha’s Nirvana Often sculpture Luohan sex, supporters. In the Song Dynasty, two supreme Luohan were added, which is a 18th Rhan, which has been circulating it.

Luo Han can disconnect all troubles, reaching the nirvana, and no longer suffering from life and death, practice is satisfactory, and guiding the sentient beings. As for the five hundred arhats, it is usually referring to the five hundred disciples who have failed to listen to the Buddha, or edited the Buddha’s classics, and organize the five hundred disciples of Buddhist classics. Luo Han’s image is usually shaved from the fill image, wearing a shade, simple life, clean, and serect.


Luohan is started with Luo Han, which is a representative of Luohan, Jingde Town, Jingde Town, Jingdezhen, and representative. Ten Dynasties During the period of the day, Jingdezhen kiln is more common. In addition to the 18th Luo Han people, there are Totalohan, etc. At the end of the Ming Dynasty, especially the 18th Luo Han people in the Porcelain in the Chongzhen Period, and three feet were typical.

In the Qing Dynasty, the Luohan image on the porcelain is more common, and it is integrated into folk beliefs and secular components. The auspicious means gradually.


In the Qianlong period, there was an image of Luohan, and there was an image of Luohan, cover the face. The outer wall painting a sector, the two sides are full of books, the “Prajna Paramita” scriptures, ending the “Qianlong Ding’s New Year’s Eve”. The Qianlong Ding Yei is Emperor Qianlong, which is 1737, is 1,737, is a representative work of Qianlong’s early Qinghua porcelain.

During Jiaqing, During the Qing Dynasty and the late Republic of China, Jingdezhen kiln powder porcelain is very popular in 18 rows, with the 18th vindix, the bowl is a typical representative, and the inside and outside of the elements will be in the abairy of the mountain, the building, Xiangyun, 18 Luo Han Yunzhen. The 18th rhan guthes are different, and the characters are delicate and vivid. Rich color, composition is wrong. The book emperor is indicated as official kiln products, reflects the court life background.

Qingjia Qingjing Dezhen kiln pastel 18th, currently in Beijing Art Museum

※ This article is published in “Collection” December 2017


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Qing Qianlong Jingdezhen kiln blue flower scriptures, currently in Beijing Art Museum