Tashan Xun: Heroes are tower, heroes are mountains


Tashan Revolutionary Martyrs Cemetery

Tashan, no tower, no mountain, is just an ordinary village with more than a hundred households.

A round of red sun rising from the sea. In the car’s rearview mirror, the low hills are rolling, the silent pastoral and straight trees passing through the early morning of June …

Standing in Taishan Township, Lianshan District, Huludao City, Liaoning Province, looking at the former battlefield, Malaysia Pingchuan. In the east, it is connected to Baitai Mountain in the west, and between the mountains and the sea.


73 years ago, this ordinary land had a life -death competition. The Fourth Column of the Northeast Field Army and the Kuomintang army were fighting for six days and nights here.

After the age of passing, the battlefield site of that year was hidden in the countryside. Except for sporadic landmarks, the stones of the landmarks are difficult to recognize even the local villagers.

If you have never arrived in Tashan, you must not experience the shock standing on a hillside–

From October 10th to 15th, 1948, there were 8 divisions of the four verticals and neighbors, and at the cost of more than 3,000 casualties, it prevented the enemy’s 11 divisions’ attacks and killed more than 9,000 Kuomintang army. The banner was firmly inserted on the position.

The heroic soldiers built into a handed down stele with life; the immortal spirit turned into an insurmountable tall mountain.

Standing on the site of this “inch soil”

A thick stack of A4 paper, the historical photo of the black and white Tashan, the clear remote sensing satellite map, the precise battlefield site latitude and weft coordinates …

In this trip, under the leadership of a special “guide”, the reporter opened a journey to visit the site of the Tashan position.

Gao Yanfei turned over the information carefully organized in his hands, and a long time -long space -time state was slowly opened–

73 years ago, the “inserting the door” closed from the gate of the Northeast, extended from the military history information between the words to the battlefield site at the tentacle, and presented in front of the reporter.

“During his life, when his father was mentioned, he always mentioned the sound of gunfire and the sound of aircraft bombardment.” Gao Yanfei’s father and famous military writer Gao Yubao, at the time, were a reconnaissance communicator of the four vertical twelve divisions. In the case where the phone line was broken by the enemy, he ran to the fire to convey the order.

In three years, Gao Yanfei used the descendants of Tashan veterans to query historical materials in one page, and visiting farmers for field investigations again and again. For the Tashan positions that are fighting for his father for blood and dreaming.

Deep, shallowly, the reporter followed Gao Yanfei’s steps, opened a piece of shrub and weeds, and came to the first stop of the trip -the site of the command post in front of the four vertical war.

After several wind and frost, the old land casts left by this military history that “half buried in the ground and semi -naked on the ground” have been buried in the soil. , Struggling to expose the ground stubbornly.

73 years ago, it was in this dark and humid ground castle that the four vertical heads sent a combat order to various troops through the phone.

Standing in front of this high ground, he looked far away and his vision was very open. With the help of telescope, from the west to the west to the waters on the east, the Tashan defense line of the east to west is a panoramic view. Among them, it includes 65 highlands, commonly known as Dadongshan.

More than a hundred meters north of Dadong Mountain was the position of the railway bridge front to the enemy -Xiaoyuan Position.

The car drove across the field in the bumps and brought the reporter to the position of the position. Looking around, the rice seedlings in the fields are greeted by the wind, and the villages not far away are quiet and peaceful under the sun.

Looking down, the black and white photos handed by Gao Yanfei furnished the hurry of history: with the Big Dongshan as the background, a group of PLA officers and soldiers wearing dog skin hats and wrapped in crude cotton clothes were preparing before the war. The brand of fighting is firmly inserted on the position under the feet.

“There is no tower in Tashan, there is no mountain in Tatshan, we are four verticals, and we are four versatiles! With us four verticals, the enemy will not think of crossing Tashan!” Mobilization, Gao Yanfei will feel a bloody swing up.

On October 12, 1948, Wu Kehua, the four vertical commanders, appeared at the forefront of the small puppet position: “I am a commander, but I am also a combatant. There is also my position next to all your soldiers!”

Time and space are staggered here. The reporter’s thoughts followed by Gao Yanfei’s father -in -law’s fighting experience, and returned to the fourth day of the battle.

The enemy’s fierce artillery fire almost destroyed the work of the position. However, Cheng Yuanmao, the instructor of the Ten Division, and 28th Regiment, led a row of officers and soldiers to keep here.

50 people, 30 people, 15 people, 7 people! The battle reduction is fast, the rear contact is completely interrupted, and the bullets are exhausted. Cheng Yuanmao led six soldiers with bayonet and danced with engineering shovels, and launched a melee with the rushing enemies.

Back to his eyes, the hills in the distance in the distance have long been flattened under the erosion of the years. However, the PLA pointed out that the warrior’s pride of “vowing and the position of the position” is still coming at this moment -even if the bleeding sacrifice, they must adhere to the position and keep back!

On March 25, 1949, Beijing Xiyuan Airport, Chairman Mao Zedong reviewed the troops. When the car passed under the banner of the “Tashan Heroes”, he deliberately made the driver “slower”.

A solemn salute, expressing Chairman Mao’s lofty respect for the hero army, deeply missed the sacrifice of heroes …

How glorious victory is, how strong sacrifice is. Those prevails stand on the road to victory and stand into an unobstructed monument.

“Follow me”, hidden victory password

After the war, many Kuomintang generals claimed: “The defeat of the party and the state is defeated by Tashan!”

How could Chiang Kai -shek can’t figure it out, why did the small Tashan block more than 100,000 well -equipped Kuomintang troops?

Why? With questions, the reporter walked into the Tashan to block the Memorial Hall and explore the answer.

The Memorial Hall is designed as a “bunker” -like building, which is located in the former site of the “Tashan Heroes” headquarters -58 highland.

The battlefield sand table model in the exhibition hall silently tells the important strategic significance of this campaign; black and white photos, old historical things, and merits of merits show the heroic and fearlessness of the PLA officers and soldiers; The people’s heart is directed by …

Before a simulation scene, the reporter stopped, and saw a soldier who had a deformation of his face and was wrapped in bleeding gauze with his head.

“This is Liu Dianzhe, a gunman of the Tenth Division and Thirty Regiment, and my father is the Liaoning fellow who enlisted in the same year.” Gao Yanfei said.

In the case of the head and right arm injury, Liu Dianzhe stubbornly chased 150 meters of the enemy. After being blown down by the shell, his body was burned on fire, and he continued to charge in smoke: “Resolutely keep the position … avenge me!”

The endless words of “Lie Huo King Kong” showed our soldiers heroic and stubborn, not afraid of sacrifice bloody guts to the fullest.

Liu Dianzhe once said to the instructor: “I know that this battle is related to the victory and defeat of Jinzhou. I must participate! Please organize the test of me to a Communist Party member.” Those who support him to fight to the last moment of life must be iron hearts. To the party’s firm belief.

Ahead, a small bullet that could no longer be ordinary attracted the attention of reporters. It accompanied a shell gun, lying quietly in the showcase, accepting the attention of the visitors.

This bullet has a very unusual name -the “glorious bomb” left by the two instructors Cheng Yuanmao.

When he was in trouble, Cheng Yuanmao left the last bullet to himself and shouted “Follow me”, led six soldiers to fight until the reinforcement arrived.

The battlefield is the best “tester”. What are Communist Party members? The Communist Party members are the one who can come forward in the crisis. “Follow me” is the most powerful pre -war mobilization.

The battle for six days and six nights, concentrated in the 45 -minute description of the interpreter. After decades, two different historical echors still echoed in the ear of reporters– echo for a long time–

“Follow me!” All the commanders of the PLA wrote a suicide note and took the lead in charge. In front of the soldiers, such a powerful voice came.

“Give me!” Each of the Kuomintang army “Zhao Zilong” issued 500,000 gold vouchers each to form a “death team.” Behind them, the Supervisor raised the gun in their hands and urged impatiently.

“One before and after, the difference between the word can be clearly expected that the fate of the two troops will be completely different. Tashan’s fierce battle, in a sense, is the contest of the combat style of the two armies of the two armies.” Tell reporters.

Tashan, witnessing the life and death of the Liberation Army’s instructions, and witnessing the lofty beliefs and absolute loyalty of the people’s army on the party.

Back to Tashan, life and death accompanied by life and death

When I walked out of the memorial hall, I remembered this fierce tragic and shocking battle. The reporter’s heart had already rippled ripples, and it could not be calm for a long time.

With the level, the 12.5 -meter monument stands high in the center of the cemetery, and the solemn and sacred sense of sacredness emerges.

On the monument, the “Tashan blocked war martyrs” written by Comrade Chen Yun’s personally wrote. The flower basket in front of the monument took people’s respect, thoughts and memory of the revolutionary martyrs, and quietly guarded both sides.

The monument was stunned, pine cypress nestled, and a bunch of white paper flowers in the rear cemetery groaned. Walking one by one from the eight tombstones of the General Garden, a familiar name attracted the attention of reporters.

Ouyang Wen, deputy political committee member and director of the Political Department of the Fourth Column, and the first editor -in -chief of the PLA Daily.

On July 1, 2003, the tomb of more than 700 martyrs buried in the north of the tomb of Han Baiyu, which stood -General Ouyang Wen’s ashes were sent to Tashan and accompanied him to come together. The ashes of the general.

From 1987 to 2003, eight generals participated in the four vertical heads of the Tashan blocking war, and 8 generals were buried here.

“I will never forget the comrades -in -arms who sacrificed the sacrifice of Tashan, and I can’t forget every inch of the land that stains the blood of blood. , Be with the sacrifice comrades. “

The last wishes of the lieutenant General Wu Kehua became a group of people who did not appreciate it–

When the battle was the most intense, the twelve divisions Yangjiang Yiyuan said to the Ministry: “I look at you, you look at me, it’s death or living together.”

The head of the thirty -four regiment Jiao Yushan and the political commissar Jiang Minfeng left a will: “If you are sacrificed, you will bury me on the position.”

Back to Tashan! Back to the place where the scars are full of honor.

Back to Tashan! Back to the place where you are sad but soul.

The green mountains buried loyalty, and Song Tao comforted the hero. In front of the tomb of General Ouyang Wen, the reporter bowed to pay tribute and presented the bouquet, and said thousands of words: “Today, the juniors visited the Tashan where you had fought, and was sore for the fierce fighting, amazing for the heroic heroes, the friendship of your comrades -in -arms And move. Although you have died, you will always live in our hearts … “

Today, 747 names are arranged neatly on the British Wall Stele. However, the sacrifice of the finger warrior was more than that? Most of these well -known or unknown martyrs were youthful when they sacrificed …

On the east side of the cemetery, the road was leisurely, and he came to the soldier’s ashes. At present, 43 veterans who have dreamed of Tashan soul have restored here.

Gao Yanfei’s lover Chen Laiyan is also among the teams. Her father, Chen Jiaming, was the reconnaissance correspondent of the 12th Division of the year. In the Qingming Festival in 2013, he became the first veteran warrior to be buried in the Tashan cemetery.

Chen Laiyan walked straight to his father’s tomb, took out the paper towels to wipe the dust on the top, and the tears couldn’t stop flowing down.

A hot land bred a heroic feeling.

Heroes have passed away and never go far; Tashan’s spirit has passed on the fire. In 1998, Li Xiangqun, a soldier of the “Tashan Defense Heroes” fell on the flood anti -anti -flood embankment, practiced the purpose of the people’s army with life; in 2021, the southern Xinjiang of the motherland, on the hot training ground, the Tashan passed on a heavy part of the people used a heavy part of The actual combat training transcripts continue to write new glory.

Looking around, the remains of the battlefield can be seen. Tashan is a monument in the history of war and a highland of faith.

Today, our army is walking on the new strong army. The spirit of the Tashan spirit of “Gu Quan’s overall situation, strict discipline, courage to sacrifice, and dare to win”. In the past, it was now one of the most valuable spiritual power of the people’s army in the future.

Looking back at Tashan, that’s the way to the ancestors; looking forward to tomorrow, our steps are more solid. (The interview was strongly supported by Gao Yanfei, Chen Laiyan, Zhou Minglei, and Liu Yong, so I thank you)

Written writing: Battlefield reporter team reporter Mei Shixiong Kang Zizhan Liu Min

Source: PLA Daily