Blue bean/vegetable rapeseed/green corn, white lentils high -efficiency planting mode

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_ 建 建

Jiangsu Qidong is located in the north bank of the Yangtze River, belonging to the Yangtze River venues. In history, there was a name of “the hometown of grain cotton, East Xinjiang music”. Essence In order to further improve the resume index and production benefits of the local vegetables, the technical personnel of Qidong Agricultural Technology Department have created a variety of new models of high -efficiency planting models through test research. Among them The model has high economic benefits, welcomed by vegetable farmers, and has a large area promotion in Qidong. Blue bean and green corn are the main types of crops in Qidong area. The products can be eaten fresh or frozen. The rapeseed rapeseed is planted between green silkworm beans and is harvested before the green corn sowing. In the past, Japan, South Korea and other countries; white lentils are made between corn plants, and green pods can be harvested, and dried seeds can be harvested. White lentin vine can climb on corn stalks to provincial work. Now introduce the stubble arrangement and main cultivation techniques of green bean/vegetable rapeseed/green corn, white lentils planting model.

1 stub

青蚕豆/菜薹油菜/青玉米⁃白扁豆高效种植模式

This planting model is four cooked anniversary, and the field is a combination every 1.67 m width. Sowing 1 line of green beans in the middle of October last year, and picking up green pod pods at the end of April at the end of April. After the harvest of rapeseed, green corn is sown after the harvest of rapeseed, and white lentils are planted between corn plants. The corn green fruit ears are collected at the end of June and early July. Essence

2 cultivation technology

2.1 green bean

2.1.1 Variety Selection

There are two types of green beans: white skin and green skin. White skin fresh food large -grained varieties include Qidou No. 7, Japanese large white skin, etc., green skin fresh food large -grained varieties include Qidou 6, Qidou 9 and so on. Before sowing, select the seeds, eliminate small grains, crushed grains, miscellaneous grains, and pests.

2.1.2 Poly -land seed

In order to reduce the occurrence of pests and insect pests, try to avoid heavy stubble planting. Choose a flat and convenient fields, and clean up straws and weeds before sowing before sowing. Sowing was sowed in the middle of October last year, with a line spacing of 1.67 m and a acupoint distance of 0.20 m. Two seeds were broadcast per acupoint. The seeding depth was 8 ~ 10 cm, and about 4,000 plants were planted every 667 m 2. After sowing, mix with calcium phosphate (30 kg per 667 m 2 per 667 m 2) and 3%phosulster sulfur particles (1 kg per 667 m 2). Pests. After applying the medicine, cover the soil, and spray 72%heterolymamine milk at 125 ~ 150 g every 667 m 2.

青蚕豆/菜薹油菜/青玉米⁃白扁豆高效种植模式

2.1.3 field management

After sowing, a drainage ditch is opened in the field to ensure that the drainage is smooth. The seedling period is combined with loose soil twice to promote early and more branches of broad beans. Before the winter, the soil was frozen in the northwest of broad beans, and the soil height was 8 ~ 10 cm. In mid -March, cut off the main stems, headless branches, diseased insect branches, and small tender branches, and each row left with 40 ~ 45/m. In late March, about 10 kg of urea every 667 m 2 as flower pods.

2.1.4 Prevention and treatment of pests and insect pests

Persistent prevention and comprehensive prevention and treatment of plant protection policies are performed for pest control. Based on agricultural prevention and control measures, combined with the use of physical, biological, and chemical prevention measures, the medicines used must comply with the national green food production and other plant protection products list. A 50%multi -bacterial pheasant wettable powder spray to prevent and treat broad -spots of broad bean, 100 g per 667 m 2; spray gray mold with 400 g/L omitamide suspension, 63-94 ml per 667 m 2; In the seedling and flowering pod stage, a 10%imidaclopoline wettable powder is sprayed to prevent aphids, and the amount of 10 ~ 20 g per 667 m 2 is 10 ~ 20 g.

2.1.5 harvest

At the end of April in early May, the pods were full, the pod color was dark green, the bean umbilical was not turned black, and the fresh seeds were old and tender.

2.2 Vegetable rapeseed

2.2.1 seedlings

Select the variety of Jinghua No. 2 Caulusa. In the middle of September, 667 m 2 seedlings needed for seedling 60 m 2. The amount of seeds was 45 g. Every 60 m 2 seedbeds sprinkle nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium compound fertilizer (15⁃15⁃15) 2.5 kg, plow and roll rakes, and then pour the bottom of the bottom of the water after the flat block. Mix the fine soil every 45 g seeds and sprinkle evenly. The seedling seedlings have 2 ~ 3 genuine leaf time seedlings, remove weak seedlings and weeds, and keep the seedlings distance of 3 ~ 5 cm to facilitate ventilation and light, and cultivate strong seedlings.

2.2.2 Transplant

青蚕豆/菜薹油菜/青玉米⁃白扁豆高效种植模式

Before planting, combined with the entire area of ​​the whole area, sprinkle 1,000 kg of organic fertilizer per 667 m 2, and 15 kg of compound fertilizer as base fertilizer, plowing and flat, so that the fertilizer soil is mixed evenly. In mid -October, when the seedlings are 28 ~ 30 d, the seedlings height 15 cm, and 5 genuine leaves are long, the leaves are deep green, the root system is developed, and the diseased and insect pests are transplanted. Put the vegetables and rapeseed between the broad beans. Each broad bean is planted in 2 rows, with a row spacing of 50 cm and a plant spacing of 30 cm.

2.2.3 field management

7 d after transplantation, 7.5 kg per 667 m 2 as a living fertilizer; strengthen the management of fertilizer and water after the spring, and apply 10 kg to the trees per 667 m 2 before the pumping; solid. After the living trees, the roots were promoted in time, and the roots were defeated before pumping.

2.2.4 Prevention and treatment of pests and insect pests

There are fewer pests and pests in vegetables, and there are mainly diseases such as creammium, aphids, and small vegetable moths. 80% of Daisen -zinc wettable powder spray to prevent cream mold, 170 ~ 250 g per 667 m 2; spray aphids with 10% imidacin wettable powder, 10 ~ 20 g per 667 m 2; IU/MG Suyun bacteria suspension spray to prevent small vegetable moths, 100 ~ 150 ml per 667 m 2.

2.2.5 harvest

When the cauliflower is 5 ~ 7 cm long, and the flower buds are full, they can be harvested in batches in batch.

2.3 Green corn

2.3.1 Variety Selection

In order to facilitate the climbing of white lentils vine, it should be selected from the glutinous corn varieties with thick stems, strong anti -over -resistance, and high -quality high -quality and high -quality high -quality, such as Shanghai Nu Nu No. 3, Su Yu Nuo 6, Zhongnuan 2, and so on.

2.3.2 Seeding

Before sowing, place the corn seeds in the sun 2 d, and turn the seeds at noon every day to make the seeds dry evenly and increase the seedling rate. After the harvest of vegetables and rapeseed, remove the weeds and residual straws in the fields, farming and flat land, open a 3 ~ 5 cm deep corn in the middle , 3 grains per hole.

2.3.3 field management

The three -leaf period of green corn leaves with two seedlings per hole to remove weak seedlings and weeds. After setting the seedlings, fertilize at 10 cm away from the corn root, and apply nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium compound fertilizer (15⁃15⁃15) 20 kg per 667 m 2, and prevent the root of the roots; Exhibition of urea 15 kg as ear fertilizer. White lentils should be avoided when fertilizing corn to avoid burning white lentils. Replenish water in time in time.

2.3.4 Prevention and treatment of pests and insect pests

There are fewer pests in spring corn, and the main diseases and insect pests include land tigers, corn crickets, large spots, and small spots. After the corn is emerging, every 667 m 2 is selected in the evening with 200 g/L chlorobenzyl alchemy suspension of 6.7 ~ 10 ml spray to prevent the tiger. IU/MG Suyun Jacobacteria suspension agent 167 ~ 200 ml cores to prevent corn crickets; every 667 m 2 uses 250 g/L pyrazole ethacopuscoli lotion 40 ~ 50 ml spray to prevent corn spots and small spots.

2.3.5 harvest

About 25 d after flowering and pollination,

Green corn

The ears have reached the cooked period of milk, which is the best harvest period for blue corn. The harvested green corn is listed on sale.

2.4 white lentil

2.4.1 Seeding

Choose a variety of white lentils in Qidong. White lentils are made between corn plants and sowed at the same time as corn. Every 4 to 5 points of corn are used as 1 hole in white lentils, 3 to 4 capsules are sowed for each hole, and about 1 300 plants are planted for each 667 m 2. After sowing, cover the soil, and spray 720 g/L. lyonicinecamine emulsion every 667 m 2. After the white lentils are out of seedlings, the seedlings are checked to make up for the lack of seedlings.

2.4.2 field management

(1) Fertilizer management. Ledar plant grows strong and requires a large amount of fertilizer and water. In the case of drought, it is necessary to replenish water in time. In the early stage of the growth of white lentils, fertilizer with corn does not need to be fertilized separately; the blooming pod period, 10 kg of urea every 667 m 2, and 0.2%potassium dihydrogen phosphate solution of the leaf surface 2 to 3 times. (2) Direct vines. After the white lentils are pumped, the vines are promptly attracted to the corn stems in time, and the vines are distributed evenly. After the green corn is harvested, the upper half of the corn plant is folded and wrapped every two to 3 corn plants to climb the bracket of white lentils, and at the same time play a role in improving the ventilation and light transmission conditions of the field.

2.4.3 Prevention and treatment of pests and insect pests

Can be used to prevent white powder with 30%ether germidthyl wettable powder, 27.5 ~ 35 g per 667 m 2; spray aphids with 10%imidacloprid wettable powder, 10 ~ 20 g per 667 m 2; 8000 IU/mg Su Yun Glterlla Solvizain spray to prevent good bugs, 167 ~ 200 ml per 667 m 2, and spray once every 10 d; use 110 g/l ethilazole suspension of 3 500 ~ 5 000 times liquid uniform spray Prevent red spiders, focus on spraying the back of the leaves.

2.4.4 harvest

About 15 days after the white lentils are flowing, the pods are full, the pod color is still green, the bean grains are fully expanded, and the green pods can be harvested when the seeds are tender and green. In late September, the green pods gradually matured into dry pods. Dry pods are pale yellow, dehydrated and wrinkled. When the seeds are white and hard, they can be harvested in 3 to 4 times. The harvest is over at the end of November.

Blue bean/vegetable rapeseed/green corn, white lentils high -efficiency planting mode