How is the first knife replaced steel sword, and a step by step is a Chinese treasure?

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Since the iron sword has eliminated the copper sword, the rise of the iron sword did not last long, but soon an increase in fading.The reason is because another type of short handle weapon – the rise of the iron knife.

During the pre-Qin period, the knife was never an important weapon.During the Shang Zhou, there were some bronze knives to be used by weapons, but they were extremely rare. It is generally popular as a short knife used by tools, such as the “long-scale boy”.

The rise and fall of the knife and sword

环首刀是如何取代钢铁剑,并一步一步兴起成为中华瑰宝的?

Ring knife

After entering the Han, with the iron cutting of the bronze, a new variety is taken in the weapon. This crop man is a short-handed knife made with steel. This type of knife body is straight and narrow, the length is generally about 1 meter, the width is about 3 cm; the blade is one side, the knife is thick; there is no finish, the handle is made into an elliptical ring, so today, this is called

“Ring head knife”

环首刀是如何取代钢铁剑,并一步一步兴起成为中华瑰宝的?

or

“Ring knife”

环首刀是如何取代钢铁剑,并一步一步兴起成为中华瑰宝的?

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Longquanner people re-enact the first knife of the Han Dynasty

The earlier of the head knife is seen in Liu Sheng Tomb, the Western Hanzhan Jingwang, Hebei Province, and Liu Sheng died in the four years of Han Dynasty (first 112), in the middle of the Western Han Dynasty. The tomb unearthed 9 iron swords, 3 copper swords, but only one ring head iron long knife. At that time, the new knife was new, and it was not universal, and a large number of solders were still a sword.

Compared with the iron sword, the steel ring knife has three significant features:

First, one side has a blade, a sword whose double-sided open-edge, simplifies the process of forging;

Second, the head of the ring handle is connected to the stem, which is not equipped with the skin, and the extensive is simpler than the sword;

Third, with the main function of the cut, because the knife is thick, the slash is more powerful, and it is not easy to break, in touch with the needs of the battlefield. It can be seen that the steel iron knife is a weapon for making it easier and more practical, suitable for batch manufacturing, a large number of equipment.

Due to these advantages, the head iron knife is very popular, and the advancement of the Western Han Dynasty has been more equipped with the army and become an important versatile. At that time, the tomb of the time was unearthed, and there were many iron ribs, such as the Han Tomb of Luoyang, Luoyang, Luoyang. Since the Warring States, the shortcomings of the Skirts are the landscape of the sword.

Knife sword

During the Eastern Han Dynasty, the first knife became better, and the use of the sword was turned down, gradually being crushed out of the field. Eastern Chinese Characters “Released · Soldiers” said: Taxi is a step shroud, the infantry holds, a knife is also matching.

Here, the knife is already the main short weapon used in the army. There are many pictures of the Eastern Han Dynasty, which are unearthed from all over the country, have many pictures of the war, including the short weapons used by soldiers, whether the infantry is still a cavalry, almost all the ring head knives. Typical, such as Shandong Weinan portraits of stone tomb gates (Figure 127), other combat maps in the stone portrait of Shandong Jia Zenwu’s portrait, and Shandong Linyi Bazhuang, Cangshan Several war scenes that are unearthed, are also the case.

The summers and swords of the sword are close to the end of the Eastern Han Dynasty. At that time, actual combat has basically no sword. “Taiping Yuli” Volume 343, three or six, there is a “knife sword record” in the South Dynasty Liang Tao Hongjing, including many Chinese and Wei Dynasties, such as Dong Wu Shuquan Yu Huang Wu 5 Year (226) creates a “Ten Sword, Wankou”; the Lord Liu Bei named the “five thousand mouths” of the Miyuan; the Si Ma Yan, Xindind, in the first year of Xianning (275), “eight thousand mouth”, etc. . At that time, the size of the knife was very large. The sword usually only one or several pieces. The former is used to equip the actual weapons of the army. The latter is the need to protect the ornaments or treasures of the privilege, such as Cao Yu

“Bai Baojian”

“饬 饬 文 玉, the table is vivid”,

That is, it is an example. In the “Three Kingdoms” and south, there is a lot of battle with a large number of combat knives, but the records of the actual combat sword also reflect this change.

环首刀是如何取代钢铁剑,并一步一步兴起成为中华瑰宝的?

This is a fundamental turnover in the history of Chinese knife swords. Since then, the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the military equipment and the short-handed soldiers are mainly knives. The sword is separated from actual combat, and become an ideal weapon, mainly in parallel, martial arts, etc. The field continues to be used. As the Magin Yuanyi pointed out: the ancient speaker, the sword, it is not used in the array. From this point of view, the Eastern Han Dynasty is a watershed in ancient Chinese knives.

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环首刀是如何取代钢铁剑,并一步一步兴起成为中华瑰宝的?

Longquanner people re-enact the first knife of the Han Dynasty

环首刀是如何取代钢铁剑,并一步一步兴起成为中华瑰宝的?

Longquanner people re-enact the first knife of the Han Dynasty