The shape of the six major flower wares


■ Qing, Zhang Xiong’s “Basket Flower Map”, “Traditional Chinese Flower Architecture” Pictures

■ Various styles of the “bottle” in the flower ware. “Professor Huang Yongchuan’s Annual Exhibition Theme Collection · 1995 literati flower arrangement until 2014”

■ Ming, imitation kiln white glaze flower, the Forbidden City Tibetan. With copper bile inside. The 见 is the wine device, which is originally seen in the new stone artifact pottery. The porcelain vase imitation bronze is commonly known as “flower”, which is popular in the three generations of Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasties.

■ Qing, Zhao Zhiqian’s “Map of Yutang Fortune”, “Traditional Chinese Flower Architecture Arts” drawing


■ In the Han Dynasty, the flowers and trees were green glaze, and the British Museum is now hidden. “Traditional Chinese Flower Architecture” Photo Confer

The bottle flower is high, the plate flower deep -wide cylinder, the block of the block, the hidden tube is highly graceful, the basket is dignified


■ Favorites Weekly reporter Pan Weiqian

In the traditional Chinese flower arrangement art, in addition to the “water heater” of water -raising flowers, the flower ware has two symbolic significance: one is the “earth” of all things, and the other is the “golden house” or the “golden house” or the shelter of the flowers and trees. “Square”.

In the ancient times, there were “fake plates for land” and “the concept of flowers and flowers”.

This is the discussion of Professor Huang Yongchuan in his article “Chengtian Load, Treasure Division of Flowers -On Flowers and Applications”. Recently, during the interview, the reporter saw a book “Huang Yongchuan’s annual exhibition thesis collection of the annual exhibition of the year in 2017. “2014 is abnormal 上”, the above is concentrated.

Huang Yongchuan, who studied calligraphy and painting since he was a child, was the director of the Taiwan History Museum and the professor of the Department of Art of Taiwan Normal University. Chinese flower art. In 2003 and 2013, he held his personal calligraphy and painting exhibition at the National Museum of China and the Chinese Art Museum.

He explained that the types of flowers have different styles according to different attributes such as shapes, texture, times, and use. From the times, there are ancient flowers, traditional flower wares, modern flower wares, etc.; If they are made of convenience, they can be divided into special flower wares, borrowing flowers and creative flowers.


He also mentioned the typical six major flowers: “the shape of the flower ware, which is engaged in the size, how much, high and low, long, thickness, thickness, thickness, thickness, flat drums, bumps, bumps, bumps, bumps, bumps, bumps through straight lines and curves. Emergency development and irregular development and changes in rhythm, contrast, exaggeration and other rules. Because it is a water heater, its final form is about mouth, neck, abdomen, bottom, foot, ears, beams, handles, etc. The focus of the location is created to form a variety of wonderful device. These device formulas are named because of special factors. The most typical is the six major flowers of bottles, plates, cylinders, bowls, cylinders, and baskets. “

According to their styling characteristics, the six major flower wares expressed the characteristics of “high bottle flowers, deep plate flowers, tanks of tanks, bowls in the bowl, graceful tube, and dignified basket.瓿 (léi), b (bù), 觚 (gū), Jue, 盉 (hé), 簠 (fǔ), 簋 (guǐ), Dun, Ding, 鬲, 甗 (yǎn), spoon, scoop, wash, pots , Pork … Original non -flower, but extended flower arrangement, which is high, can have an unexpected effect. In traditional habits, it is not only referenced, but also develops or extended as a flower shape. Flowers, etc., enrich the visibility and cultural connotation of the flower ware.

“Among the many types of instrumental types mentioned above, each type of device type can be derived from the subtle performance of its parts and functions.” Huang Yongchuan especially took the bottle as an example: Height; neck and chest, or the height, length, size, fine thickness, depth, flat drum and other combinations can achieve thousands of bottle types.

有些瓶型经时间的沉淀予以命名,如天球瓶、观音瓶、赏瓶、葫芦瓶、梅瓶、棒槌瓶、玉壶春、筒瓶、蒜头瓶、橄榄瓶、莱菔瓶、胆瓶、长颈The bottle, the bell bottle, the radish bottle … the type of each bottle has a special beauty, plus the number of factors such as the Five Yue Chao Tian bottle, or the functional considerations of the insertion, all kinds of shapes, beautiful.

“Of course, whether the key points and performance are beautiful, the overall structure and balance of the device shape depends on the device.”

Huang Yongchuan: Guyun “has no all the earth hidden”


Chinese flower art uses flower wares as the earth


Guyun “has endlessly hidden.” Because of its “Hong Kong and Light, Bo thick,” and “the meaning is existed in the containing care, and the Tao also smells its shepherd”, it has the virtue of “growing the crops and holding the mountains and rivers”. And Chinese flower art uses flower wares as the earth, the flower ware as the self -containing water to grow flowers, and the desire of flowers does not wither, which is full of the morality of the earth’s symbol; and the intention of the use of the person, the interpretation of the utensils, the lingering device, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, the instrument, and the instrument. In ancient times, “treasure” was regarded as “treasure”, and it was not allowed! In his aspect, the ancients loved flowers and flowers, respecting the lives and dignity of flowers, and preparing treasures with pious heart, distinguishing artifacts, without him, cherish and admire!

花器之质材或有贵贱,形制或有美恶,色彩或有华庸,纹饰或有繁简,技法或有生熟,格调或有雅俗,表现或有高低,甚至年代或有深浅,一件The flower instrument is self -evident to the flower artist. When it works, it is sincerely devoted to the fact that the projection and emotional changes of the flower arrangement have produced qualitative changes in the work, where the connotation value is, and it is also the place where it is charming. When it is idle, “Yi Ding of the Temple of Temple, how is the rare in the seat”, care for the care, or the appreciation of the magpie, or the handed down collection. Occasionally!

(Excerpted from Huang Yongchuan’s “Chengtian Load, Treasure Division of Flowers — Large Flowers and Applications”))