Chen Peiqiu, Fu Shen, etc. are paying attention to Li Bai, who is concerned about overseas, “Mocked Wang Li Yang Unwilling to Drinks”
Chen Peiqiu’s appraisal handwriting
A few days ago, the wife of Mr. Xie Zhiliu, the former leader of the National Ancient Calligraphy and Calligraphy Appraisal Group of the National Cultural Relics Bureau, the librarian of the Shanghai Cultural and History Research Museum, and the 99 -year -old Mr. Chen Peiqiu and the world died. During her lifetime, Fu Shen, the former director of the Chinese Ministry of Art and the famous Taiwanese cultural relics expert of the United States Felier Art Museum, hopes that the state will pay attention to a treasure book of the Tang Dynasty who lost overseas -Li Bai’s “Mockebling Wang Liyi Unwilling to drink alcohol”.
Liyang is a county and county in Tang Dynasty. It is located in Ma’anshan City, Anhui Province. In the twelve years of Tianbao (753), Shi Xian Li Baiyou came to Lixiang after Youzhou. At that time, it was just snowing. The county had a banquet to entertain Li Bai. Beauty, unfortunately, people are not “beautiful”, because no one accompanies him to drink, so Xi Zhongfu’s poem “Mockebling the King’s Shiyang refuses to drink”, the poem said: “The ground white wind is cold, the snowflakes are as big as the hand. Wine. Waves a piano and plant five willows. I have an empty head of the scarf, what can I do. “The poem has been included in the 182th volume of” The Poems of the Tang Dynasty “to this day.
This “Mocked Wang Li Yang Shifu drinking for drinking” in the Hong Kong Li Bai Research Association is 26.4 cm, 67 cm horizontal, and a total of 50 words in the whole post. This post is naturally smooth, vivid, and vivid, with a simple and straightforward pen, stubbornness, and freeness. Observing the ink style of the text can be seen that the writing pen is a unique and hard pen (chicken distance) in the Tang Dynasty; The hemp paper produced in Sichuan during the Tang and Song dynasties. Due to the years of handedling, the overall color was yellow and black, and the paper creases saw that the paper was brittle and the fiber was thin. , Show a strong bold and rough gas.
According to the Japanese academic information, Li Bai’s “Mocked Wang Li Yang Unwilling to Drink Aquatic Post” was written in the twelve years of Tang Tianbao (AD 753), and was given by the great poet Li Bai to the Japanese envoy who had close exchanges and brought it to Japan. This post has been collected in Zizi Guanyin Temple in Dazai Prefecture, Fukuoka Prefecture for a long time. During the Edo period, he was included in the private collection of the Ogawa Lord Hosokawa family. After the Meiji Restoration, Japan implemented a “waste of the vassal prefecture”. The old lord himself must move to Tokyo. The Hosokawa family was forced to sell some collections one after another. Tomorrow, Xiang Ning is purchased and hidden in the Shumu Library in Kyoto. In order to verify the authenticity and historical and artistic value of “Mocked Wang Liyang Unwilling to Drinking Aquatic Post” in Tomorrow, Tomorrow had conducted many in -depth exchanges with relevant experts in Chinese cultural and cultural circles in the 1980s.
In April 1986, Mr. Xie Zhiliu, the husband of Mr. Chen Peiqiu, was the leader of the National Ancient Painting and Calligraphy Appraisal Group of the National Cultural Relics Bureau at that time. It mentioned: “I was surprised to see Li Bai laughed at Wang Liyang’s post, with a strong pen power, imposing style, and the style of the book conforming to the style of the Tang Dynasty. It was the Tang Dynasty ink.
In November 1987, Asuka Xiangning brought the post to China. Mr. Shi Shuqing, who had asked for advice from the deputy chairman of the then National Cultural Relics Appraisal Committee, Shi Shuqing organized Yan Shao and Sun Jing, professors of the Department of Chinese Literature and Literature of Peking University, and Beijing Library (now China (now China National Library) Director Li Zhizhong, director of the Shanben Special Tibetan Ministry of Tibetan, and other experts and scholars who studied and discussed the “Mocker King Shiyang Unwilling to drink alcoholism”. Mr. Shi Shuqing believes: “This post is deep, old and natural, stubborn, and free -free. From the ink brushwork, it can be identified as the writing of people in the Tang Dynasty. “This roll of paper is yellow, and the fiber is thinner, but the hand feels hard. It is similar to that of Dunhuang writing. It can be proved to be the Tang paper book of the Tang Dynasty. You can confirm the value of his important literature. “Mr. Sun Jing believes that” this post paper is also similar to the Tang Dynasty hemp paper. Through in -depth research on the problem of taboos involved in the post, he believes that he can see Li Bai’s poetic style from the post. The Tang people who are coexisting in the three religions and the more free environment are called the post as the help of the “one of the history of the evidence.” , Thickness, smoothness, tension, etc., consistent with the paper written by the Tang Dynasty in the Dunhuang Shi Shu, which is identified as the Tang Dynasty hemp paper. , Mo, the font view, is undoubtedly the relics of the Tang Dynasty, and sincerity is the treasure of the world. “Because in the long -term recognition of Chinese scholars, Li Bai’s calligraphy works in the world only include the” Balcony Post “hidden by the Palace Museum. One, the demonstration of the “Mocked Wang Li Yang Unwilling Drinking Posts” this time makes the participating scholars very excited. Everyone agrees that the post is ink with Li Bai’s ink hidden in the Palace Museum. Important literature value.
In the spring of 1989, Mr. Qi Gong, then chairman of the National Cultural Relics Appraisal Committee, went to Japan to participate in the well -known Japanese calligrapher Shangxinshan Calligraphy Exhibition. After in -depth research, he pointed out: “This work is unique in calligraphy style and two in shape and spirit. It reflects the characteristics of the Tang Dynasty in all aspects. The characteristics of the times are obvious. It must be the Tang Dynasty. Reporting, from the perspective of calligraphy art alone, it is a very wonderful Tang ink. “
Japanese scholars have also made a lot of efforts. Mr. Teng Zhihuang, a special member of the Japanese Cultural and Financial Protection Council, once specifically wrote a pointed out that the ancestral collection of the Hosagawa family Li Bai Mo Bao “Mockeba”. From the material of the paper, it should be produced in the hemp paper in Sichuan Province. It is more common in Tang Dynasty. On behalf of the Tang Dynasty’s deer pen. The glyphs such as “calendar, wind, flowers, cups, five, planting, He, and You” are no longer used in the Song Dynasty. It is believed that this ink should be an important document in Li Bai’s research.
However, just when many Chinese scholars learned about the information and collection experience of “Mocked the King’s Shi Yang Shifu”, and intended to further study its historical and artistic value, in the 1990s, Japan broke out the worst after World War II. In the economic crisis, many big collectors have sold the collections, and “Mocked the King’s Shi Yang Shifu drinking” has also been transferred. The treasure book of the Tang Dynasty, which is wandering overseas, faded out of the sight of Chinese scholars again.
In 2017, the staff of the Hong Kong Li Bai’s Poetry and Calligraphy Research Association found the two gentlemen of Fu Shen and Chen Peiqiu, and requested to identify a Li Bai, who had been collected by Japanese collectors, “Mocked the King’s Shi Yang Unwilling Drinking Post”. Because the post has not appeared in the past 30 years, the two gentlemen have been cautiously identified and studied for the post for more than two years in a cautious attitude. After studying, Mr. Chen Peiqiu believed that “this method of this post obviously revealed the pens written by the early Tang Dynasty, Chu, and Sui and Tang dynasties. This post conforms to the characteristics of the Tang Dynasty. Some literati feels in the unrestrained section, and the sky is empty. There is a faint flow of sword qi in the pen, which is very consistent with Li Bai, recorded in the history book as the Tang Dynasty sword fairy and the wine fairy. : “” Mockebling the king’s unwilling to drink alcohol “, the paper color is ancient, the book style is strong, and the Tang writing cannot be written. As a new stage of research, Fu Shen compiled the book “Li Bai Cao” after several years at the age of 85, and was published by the Forbidden City Publishing House in 2018. In 2020, the first season of Chinese Cultural Relics Publishing House was organized and published “Li Bai and his Times”, which made this work more in -depth research.
The two old gentlemen agreed that “Mocked the King’s Shi Yang Shifu drinking”, as a treasure book of the Tang Dynasty in the Tang Dynasty poetry, Li Bai, is a survivor left over the long history that breaks through the time and space. The unique cultural and artistic characteristics of the period are important cultural relics to study the history, literature, and art of the Tang Dynasty, conveying Li Bai’s unruly innocent personality style, and witnessed the long history and Chinese traditions of China and Japan since the Sui and Tang dynasties. The impact of culture in Japan for thousands of years has important historical and artistic value. It is a well -deserved national treasure and important cultural heritage of all human beings. They particularly hope that today when rescue the loss of overseas Chinese cultural relics, relevant state departments can conduct in -depth investigations and research on the circulation of “Mocker Lucky Ling Yang Shifu”, and incorporate them into the overall plan of the country’s loss of precious cultural relics surveys overseas. And in the appropriate time to promote the return of the post in an appropriate form, do not let such a national treasure lose overseas.
Culture is the national Yunchang. The party and the country have always attached importance to the protection of cultural relics. Mr. Zheng Zhenduo, the first director of cultural relics in New China, once pointed out in the process of rescue the dispersion of Hong Kong cultural relics, “Everyone must fight for national treasures!” At present, the state’s investigation and rescue of overseas Chinese cultural relics has achieved fruitful results. A group of national treasures such as the whole party, the Qin Cemetery, the bronze group of the Zeng Bingfu, and the head of the Yuanming Garden have returned to the motherland one after another. Many countries such as Italy, Turkey, and the United States have taken the initiative to return Chinese cultural relics to China overseas. Under such a good situation, if Li Bai’s “Mockebling Wang Li Yang Unwilling to Drink” can return to the motherland, it will also be a iconic event for the construction of a strong cultural country in the new era.
In the 1950s, under the personal care of Chairman Mao Zedong, Li Bai’s “Shang Balconia Post” entered the Palace Museum in Tibet. For more than half a century, he has been considered to be the only ink of Shi Xian Li Bai Cunshi. Today, if the “Mockebling King’s Shi Yang Shifu” can return to the motherland, it is of great significance for promoting the excellent traditional culture of China and enhancing the self -confidence of the national culture. I sincerely hope that the post can return to the motherland with the care and support of leaders at all levels, and become the best case for the party and the country to rescue the loss of overseas Chinese cultural relics in the new era. (Wu Mingze)
Chen Peiqiu identified Li Bai’s “Mocker Wang Liyang and Unwilling to Drink”
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Fu Shen identified Li Bai’s handwriting
Fu Shen identified Li Bai’s “Mocker Wang Li Yang Unwilling to Drink”
Source: People’s Daily-Cultural Channel