In 1949, our Chinese flag almost became “Star Banner”?
The national flag is a symbol of a country. It represents the beliefs and beliefs of a country, the past, present, and future of a country, and it is also the embodiment of national willpower.
The people of all countries in the world have deep feelings for their national flags. When they see the national flag rising, they seem to see their motherland being prosperous and prosperous.
Because of the special significance of the national flag,
So the display of the national flag on international occasion is extremely important,
In today’s world, the national flag is an indispensable element for participating countries in both international conferences and international sports competitions.
There are many national flags in all countries in the world, but almost all are designed to design their own flags by increasing color and patterns on the rectangle, which is simple and simple to achieve meaningfulness.
The flags are designed by people
The flags of many countries have changed, and the Chinese flag is no exception.
After the establishment of the five -star red flag in the founding of New China, in fact, as early as the Qing Dynasty, China had designed its own flag. Below, let’s learn the history of the Chinese flag.
Before the Qing Dynasty, China had no national flag
The flag, as a symbol, has important military significance in ancient times. On the ancient battlefield, due to the many people, it was easy to find a major general. Flag, will, flag, etc.
The form is similar to today’s military flag, hanging a totem related to the army on the long pole,
It can play the effect of establishing the backbone
If necessary, it can also play a role of ordering.
The earliest national flag generated by the world should be the red large white cross flag of Denmark. It is said that as early as the eleventh century, Danish Victory Waldma led the army to attack Estonia.
The battle between the two sides is extremely fierce,
When it is hard to divide
Suddenly, a large white red flag suddenly appeared in the Danish army, floating over the position.
Waldma said that this was the call of God, ordered the soldiers to follow this banner to rush to the enemy’s position, and eventually won the victory of the war.
This is Waldma to inspire morale,
Pretending to God has made this banner, and later, this banner also naturally became the national flag of Denmark.
The Denmark’s approach quickly was followed by other European countries, because European history was composed of many countries in history. These countries fought each other throughout the year.
In order to distinguish between the enemy and me, the banner is very important,
The flag has evolved into the national flag,
Become a symbol of the country. Therefore, the so -called national flag is the sublimation of the flag.
In modern history, the aggression war of European imperialism on ancient China took their national flag on the land of China. Seeing this, the Qing government also began to learn the practice of western countries and designed its own flag.
Dragon is an ancient god in ancient Chinese mythology.
It has become the spiritual totem of the Chinese people very early. Although the Manchu government is not a Han regime, after the rule of the Central Plains, the Manchu government absorbed Chinese local culture and became an authentic Chinese.
Therefore, the national flag of the Qing Dynasty was the manifestation of the Chinese civilization. The national flag of the Qing Dynasty was called the yellow dragon flag. The yellow dragon flag is yellow, because yellow is the color that the royal can only use, which also reflects the preciousness of the national flag.
There is also a green dragon on the Huanglong flag, which is chasing a round of red day.
This is the Huanglong flag of Daqing,
It is also called the yellow -dragon dragon drama red bead map.
In terms of design, Huanglong Banner fully referred to China’s traditional culture, and also showed the preciousness of a country. However, under the production conditions at that time, the flag was really a bit difficult to make.
The lively flying dragon alone does not know how much effort will be taken to draw. The launch of Huanglongqi still cannot save the fall of the Qing government.
In 1912 after the launch of Huanglong Banner, 24 years,
With the gunshot of the Wuchang Uprising
The Qing government was ended, and Huanglongqi also entered history.
After the collapse of the Qing government, it was the Beiyang government who replaced its leadership.
The flag launched by the Beiyang government is a five -color flag. From top to bottom, there are respectively
“Red”, “Yellow”, “Blue”, “White”, “Black”
Five -color stripes were used to represent the five ethnic groups with the largest number of people in China at that time.
They are: “Han”, “Man”, “Meng”, “Hui”, and “Tibetan”, the meaning is very simple, that is, China is mainly composed of these five ethnic groups.
at the same time,
These five colors also represent the “five elements” in Chinese culture.
As a short -lived regime, the Beiyang government was destroyed in 1928, and the five -color flag also entered the dust of history.
The “Qingtian and Typhoon Banner” of the National Government replaced by the five -color flag. As early as during the Revolution of 1911, the Qingtian Bai Sun Banner had been designed. Its designer was Lu Haodong, a member of Xingzhong.
Later, the Qingtian Bai Sun Banner became the party flag of the Chinese Kuomintang. As early as 1920, Mr. Sun Yat -sen established the practice of using the Qingtian Bai Riqi as the national flag of the Republic of China.
But then, Chen Jiongming initiated a rebellion and expelled Sun Yat -sen,
Qingtian and Bai Sun Banner was put aside
Later, Sun Yat -sen once again identified Qingtian Bai Sun Banner as the Chinese flag.
The meaning of the blue sky and white sun flag is: on the red bottom, the pattern of Qingtian and the day is painted. Qingtian represents light and purity, nation and freedom.
Twelve white lights, representing twelve hours a day,
It symbolizes that the country’s lifeblood is eternal.
On the whole, the meaning of Qingtianbai Sun Banner is the meaning of light and freedom.
After Wang Jingwei’s rebellion, after establishing a pseudo -power regime in Nanjing, he changed the blue sky and white flag slightly. It also added the word “peaceful anti -communist founding” with yellow as the bottom of the country.
At that time, the Qingtian Bai Ri flag was not the only national flag that fluttered in the Chinese land, because the Communist Party of China established the Chinese Soviet Republic in Ruijin, Jiangxi. In order to justify the name, the Chinese Soviet Republic also designed its own flag. This national flag is very representative. People can see the meaning at a glance.
The birth process of the five -star red flag
After the basic victory of the liberation war, the national leader began the design of the flag. On June 15, 1949, a preparatory meeting was held in Beijing.
The main topic of the meeting is to determine several important tasks after the founding of New China.
Including the establishment of national flag and national anthem
A total of six working groups were determined to start the preparations for the establishment of New China. The task of the sixth working group was to design the national flag, national emblem, national anthem, chronicle, and national capital. The sixth working group is composed of Ma Xulun as the leader and a total of fourteen people.
The design of the national flag is related to the image of New China
It is related to the minds of all Chinese people, and the Chinese desire for the future.
Not only that, the style of the national flag is also related to the unity of the aesthetics of everyone, and the understanding of politics and the recognition of culture.
Therefore, through democratic negotiation, extensive solicitation of opinions has become the main way to design the national flag. The main work of the sixth working group is to collect opinions and finally shoot.
Starting on July 15, 1949,
The sixth working group passed the form of notice in major newspapers and periodicals
Opinions are widely collected nationwide.
The sixth working group also publishes the design principles of the national flag and other contents of the newspaper, calling on compatriots across the country to participate in the design of the flag. Under the call,
The enthusiasm of all Chinese people is excited,
Even the Chinese who are far away in a foreign country have provided their own design patterns, and even President Zhu also launched the pattern he designed.
All Chinese people participated in the design of the national flag with high enthusiasm, which fully illustrates that New China is the country of all Chinese.
The national flag design plan from the four seas of the world is amazing and amazing that the Chinese people’s enthusiasm and great creativity to participate in national affairs. According to post -afterwards,
In the end, the number of manuscripts received by the sixth working group was 1920, and
Pattern 2992 (also said 3012).
After careful selection by the working group, 38 were finally designed to enter the reciprocity session. These 38 works have the characteristics of simple design and profound meaning, which makes the members of the working group spunning and it is difficult to adjust.
How to choose in order to meet the ideas of all Chinese people. Since the choice cannot be made, then the method of voting to determine the victory and defeat, voting by the preparatory committee,
The masses with the highest mass foundation No. 3 and No. 4
Especially in the No. 3 of Fuzhuo, in the upper left part of the red bottom, there is a pentagram, which is composed of long yellow strips. The red represents the revolution. The five -pointed star represents the Communist Party of China and the yellow long strip represents the birthday of the Chinese nation.
Although the design is simple and the meaning is profound,
But at first glance, it is the Chinese star flag,
Many people have raised objections. For example, Chen Jiageng, he feels that there are other colors on the red flag, which will give people incomplete revolutionary misunderstandings.
In the end, the conclusion could not be made. Instead, the voting ranking at the end of “No. 32” attracted everyone’s attention. It is the five -star red flag.
The five -star red flag was not favored at the beginning, and it was almost impossible to enter the rematch, but because of Tian Han’s persistence, he was able to enter the rematch.
The designer of the five -star red flag is a little person, and it is also a grass -roots party member.
Named Zeng Lian Song, from Ryan, Zhejiang
He had participated in the Two Nineth Movement in his youth, and returned to his hometown because of his absence of school in the southern Anhui Incident and became a teacher.
When he saw the national flag style of the Party Central Committee, he participated. With his own artistic skills, it took a long time to design the prototype of the five -star red flag.
Named at the time
“Five Star Banners of Red Earth”.
After entering the rematch, the participating representative felt that the sickle hammer in the big star was too much like the Soviet flag, so he removed it, and finally selected the last 38 pieces with a weak advantage.
In the end, this design was unanimously recognized by the representatives and the approval of leaders, and became the flag of New China. Today, the five -star red flag has already become a symbol of the People’s Republic of China, representing China in government agencies.
When the school and the diplomatic embassy, whenever they see her, the pride of the Chinese is sprayed out, and the five -star red flag has also become a symbol of the Chinese nation.